We find that, during the last decade or so, French business schools have significantly broadened their research network—at not only the national but also the international level, meaning they have participated in the globalization of research. Exploring the structure of the research networks of these business schools, we highlight two core structuring mechanisms: status and competition.
Second, it appears that they tend to prefer to collaborate with foreign partners on the international scene rather than with other institutions with which they are in direct competition in their home country.
The article discusses the strategies implemented by business schools to help and motivate their professors to enter some existing communities of established scientists invisible colleges , and the consequences of these trends for the organization of business education. This research examines information exchange within exportfirm networks. The authors draw upon relational contract theory and the network approach to better understand the role played by information exchange in business networks.
The empirical study is based on a survey conducted among French exporters. The results, obtained using structural equation modeling, show that sense of belonging to a network and socialization between members influence information exchange between export managers. They also reveal that socialization acts as a variable that mediates the link between sense of belonging and information exchange. Last, the results identify the antecedents of three constructs drawn upon by the authors.
We address the question of the visibility of management research for practitioners by measuring scientific journal citations in nonscientific publications. While the social and economic relevance of research in management has been largely commented, it has been more rarely measured. This is due to the fact that management research is mostly aimed at the production of knowledge rather than at giving direct prescriptions for actions.
Consequently, the relevance of management research is often of a conceptual, rather than instrumental, nature. While conceptual relevance is not easily measurable, the visibility of management research in managerial publications might give some insight into the perceived interest of management research to managers. We estimate the yearly number of citations in the press of a panel of 63 topranked journals in all fields of management over a years period. The visibility of management research seems to have, on average, significantly increased over the period We also report strong field specificities.
In particular, the visibility of World Elite Journals in Marketing has increased dramatically over the last decade, while the visibility of Accounting journals has decreased. Recent literature has explored the determinants of environmental innovation EI but has rarely addressed obstacles to this innovation. To our knowledge, no previous study accounts for the antecedents of EI to explore the various perceived barriers to EI for small- and medium-sized enterprises SMEs.
Noting the importance of SMEs in European economies, this article identifies the extent to which SMEs perceive there to be barriers to EI and considers their type, number, and intensity. With a merged data set of French SMEs, we investigate different perceptions of environmentally innovative SMEs, compared with those of technologically innovative SMEs and non-innovative ones, using a multiple treatment model that integrates the antecedents.
The barriers are not only more numerous but also more important for SMEs that engage in EI activity compared with those that introduce only technological innovation TI or those that do not undertake any innovation activity NI — non-innovation. When do firms derive value from investing in environmental initiatives CEIs? We examine stock market responses to the announcements of CEIs by 71 Fortune firms during the period to We also find that there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between the timing of a CEI and the abnormal stock market return following its announcement.
Estratto del testo
Overall, this study shows that timing is a relevant explanatory factor for the value firms derive from investing in environmental action.. Although a firm benefits from the resource endowment of the partners in its alliance portfolio, research has so far concentrated on partners. In an attempt to explain why some new organizations are established faster than others, we have adopted the perspective that the timely emergence of an organization can be understood and predicted if it is viewed as being conditioned by the initial decisions of its entrepreneurs regarding their opportunities.
Using a large dataset of individuals who are in the process of building their ventures in the United States, and who have been followed up on an annual basis as they go through this process, we have found empirical evidence to conclude that the characteristics of an initial opportunity have an effect on the time taken to create new organizations. Given the novelty of the relationships investigated in this study, coupled with the empirical support for some of our hypotheses, we believe our findings can shed new light on the understanding of imprinting forces for timely organization creation.
Work-life balance has become a topic of great relevance in today's business world.
Université de Montréal - Guide d'admission
In this work we present both a theoretical review on the state of art in this issue and an analysis testing the validity of the positive impact of worklife balance policies in firm performance. For the empirical analyses of these policies on performance we evaluated a sample composed of firms listed in IBEX Findings provide support for the idea that introducing work-life balance practices benefits the company with respect to talent retention and higher employee engagement, as well as achieving a positive impact on productivity, costs and business results.
Decision-makers involved in sustainable development thus need to ascertain who is affected by their decisions and who has the power to influence the outcome of those decisions, i. Methodologies for carrying out SA in organizational contexts like those found in sustainable development, where neither the organization nor its stakeholders have any clear idea of the problems involved or the most appropriate means of tackling them, are still lacking. More specifically, we adapt the well-known repertory-grid technique to represent practices on qualitative scales.
Using several working groups dealing with rural sustainability issues, this method has proved effective in collectively building repertories of practices and stakeholder categories. We show that the method is helpful to participants in that it extends their representations of stakeholders and helps them to reframe sustainability. While contributing to practice-based studies, this paper also contributes methodologically to empirical studies on collective problem structuring concerning sustainability issues. Our results show that the characteristics of the resources held by the firms, and the ex-ante allocation of control rights, can influence joint patenting activity.
This paper examines the mediating role of trust for leadership effectiveness in a crisis and a non-crisis context. Data from employees was collected before and after the collapse of Lehman Brothers leading to the most severe crisis since the Great Depression. The findings indicate significant differences in the role played by trust for the relationships between leadership and follower selfefficacy and work effort. Trust was found to play a greater role during times of stability than during times of high uncertainty, providing a great number of questions for future research.
Empirical data was collected from manufacturing small and medium size enterprises SMEs in Quebec that outsource, using a web-based questionnaire. A linear regression analysis was performed to establish the relationship between outsourcing and IFLP. The findings also demonstrate that offshore outsourcing enhances the economic, social, and strategic performances of manufacturing SMEs, which enables them to thrive in the current volatile business environment. However, managers need to identify carefully functions that could be outsourced in order to determine trade-offs between outsourcing and internalization.
The broadness of the IFLP concept and the intrinsic complexity of offshore outsourcing tasks call for further study with larger samples. A number of studies have found that the performance of NPD projects greatly depends on the support they get from top management.
- Pratique fondée sur les preuves — Wikipédia.
- Finger Hingez?
- INCIDENTAL SMILES.
- Méthodes de Recherche Quantitatives - [email protected]@gement.
However, research into why some projects get more support than others has been limited. Mobilizing the bridging perspective of social capital, we argue that project leaders need both strong ties to high-ranking others and sparseness in their networks. Vertical strong ties bring direct support and solidarity, resulting in improved access to resources and priority over other projects; sparseness provides exposure to the full range of information and interpretations in the organization, resulting in a more accurate picture of the political landscape and thus enabling the implementation of an appropriate influence strategy.
Hence, we contribute to a very recent stream of research showing that the structural and relational dimensions of social capital are complementary. Resource-based research sustains that organisations and thus teams create value through internally developed and complementary acquired resources, through the management of resources and the development of routines. In this study, we advance the understanding of the impact of resources and capabilities by investigating the role of moderators on the key factors of team performance and address the question of when the whole is more than the sum of its parts.
We develop and test hypotheses as to how managerial experience helps to foster the development of internal resources and group routines, to extract more value from bought resources, how internally developed resources reinforce group routines and how financial resources influence group routines, the acquisition of resources and the development of internal resources. Data consisted of observations from European professional football leagues over a five-year period. The results confirm that the edifice of competitive advantage is based on a complex resource bundle based on non-obvious interactions between its elements.
The complex inter-linkages, reinforcing effects and trade-offs between resources require non-obvious decisions regarding their employment and are best understood by experienced managers. As the members of an organizational field adopt similar practices, considerable variation in enactment can ensue. Field-level theories, however, do not yet explain how and why organizations vary in their use of standard practices. To tackle this issue, we focus on the infiltration of managerial practices into a sector traditionally motivated by norms of charity, using data drawn from a random sample of nonprofit organizations.
We first carry out an inductive content analysis of interviews with executive directors EDs about their use of strategic planning, which reveals three main rationales for adoption— associational, managerial, and opportunistic—and two outcomes—symbolic adoption and symbolic implementation.
We then use Qualitative Comparative Analysis QCA to consider which combinations of organizational attributes and rationales are associated with the outcomes of decoupling or routinization. Our study shows creative yet patterned possibilities in the uses of a standard practice, with both adoption and implementation taking on symbolic meaning. The findings afford a deeper understanding of how multiple forms of decoupling can be used to understand micro-processes of variation, extending research on divergent outcomes of field-wide isomorphic pressures.
This paper, based on neo-institutional literature, focuses on the influence of organizational isomorphism on corruption in emerging countries. A questionnaire was administered in face-to-face interviews with top executives in firms across various economic sectors in emerging countries. Our findings lead us to conclude that corruption is influenced by coercive, mimetic and competitive isomorphism. This study indicates that the higher the quality of a given institutional framework, the lower the level of corrupt behaviour. Furthermore, we suggest that corruption is explained by mimetism within the same economic sector.
We thus conclude that a firm is more likely to resort to corruption if its competitors already adopt corrupt behaviour. This article reports on an investigation of firm strategies in the software and information technology service industry in Tunisia. The research contributes to the ongoing discussion on competitiveness of information and communication technology businesses in developing countries.
L’approche réaliste pour l’évaluation de programm… – Mesure et évaluation en éducation – Érudit
Vergleiche zwischen Ver- suchsschulen und Kontrollschulen bis zum Ende der 6. Graz Posch P. In : Bedingungen und Modelle der Curriculuminnovation Hrsg. Weinheim und Basel Seel H. In : Erziehung und Unterricht 9 In : Gesamtschui-lnformation 4 Seidl P. In : Osterrei-. Tiitken H. Braunschweig Voigt E. Wellendorf F. Weinheim und Basel , 2.
Westphalen K. Wulf Chr. Plan 1. Introduction [link] 2. Observations finales [link] Bibliographie [link]. Liste des illustrations Tableau 1. Plan des phases [link] Tableau 4. Plan descriptif [link]. Les aspects positifs sont les suivants : a. Meilleure gestion du travail ; c. Tableau 5 Plan descriptif. Bibliographie Bibliographie Aregger K.
In : Erziehung und Unterricht 2 The first objective of this article is thus to introduce in a didactic way the epistemological foundations and key concepts of the realist approach to program evaluation and systematic review. The second objective is to illustrate, through a case study of a realistic review, the conceptual and methodological learning about the practice of realistic evaluation. This reflexive approach is part of a movement of sharing knowledge and best practices on the realist approach.